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What Does My Hydraulic Filter Do?

What Does My Hydraulic Filter Do?

There are a number of purposes for having hydraulic fluid inside a hydraulic system. Of course, its main purpose is to transfer force from the hydraulic power unit to an actuator. In addition it has to:

  • Enable the hydraulic system to be sealed through surface tension and adhesion.
  • Keep the system lubricated so that metal surfaces do not grate on each other.
  • Enable the temperature to be balanced by transferring heat from one area to the next.

Without any of these functions, the entire hydraulic system would not work as well as it should. This leads us to the question of ‘what would prevent any of these functions from fully operating and how can we prevent that from occurring? The biggest threat to hydraulic fluid being compromised is from particles in the fluid.

Although particles may not affect the power of the machinery, the other functions can be compromised by having particles in the fluid. These particles can impact the surface tension of the fluid and encourage microscopic leaks that can become problematic. They can get caught between surfaces that would usually be lubricated. This friction can cause damage and it can also result in an increased temperature of the fluid, which can then go onto cause further damage.

The most effective way to combat particles in hydraulic fluid is to use good quality hydraulic filters that are changed regularly. By keeping the hydraulic filter optimally operational, it’s possible to minimize contamination by the particles, and keep down problems that can occur from it.

What Won’t the Hydraulic Filter Do?

Although hydraulic filters are good, they aren’t perfect. For example, they won’t stop water from getting into the system. If water does get in, it can cause all manner of issues.

However, it’s still wise to equip your system with the best hydraulic filters that you can – the result will be less maintenance and an increased lifespan for your machinery.


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