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Making an important decision is never easy, and choosing the right hydraulic pump is no exception. As with any major decision on equipment, the functionality of the item is the most important thing to consider and base your choice on, because if you select a hydraulic pump that does not fulfil all the functional requirements it will turn out to be a bad investment. Knowing exactly what the hydraulic pump is expected to do makes it much easier to narrow down the choices.
Some applications of hydraulics require a consistent and large force, for example lifting a heavy weight or opening a big metal gate. Some others require two stages of force, a metal fabrication plant being a good example of this. Bending and punching metal sheets requires a hydraulically powered ram to make contact with the sheet, and then exert a much larger force on contact and in these cases a two-speed dual piston pump is a better option than a single piston pump. Some applications require constant force, and others need more intermittent power. Knowing what sort of power is required can narrow down the shortlist considerably, as these units are made specifically for either continuous or intermittent power output.
The size of the equipment that the hydraulics needs to fit in also play a large role in determining the best hydraulic pump to use, and there are micro packs less than 10cm wide that will fit inside smaller machinery, the automatically opening gate being a good example here as well. For hydraulic lifts and height access equipment a mini pack is a great choice, as it is still reasonably small in order to fit into the workings, but more powerful than a micro pack, generating a good amount of power for the size.
The flow rate or capacity of the hydraulic pump is also a major factor in making a decision. Knowing what the output pressure needs to be is vital when selecting the right unit, as it is very easy to find a hydraulic pump that is the right size, has the right power drive and number of pistons but which is either too powerful or not powerful enough in practice to run your equipment. Too much power may not sound like a bad thing, but excessive pressure in a unit can cause serious damage to the internal components and even degrade the hydraulic fluid used. These three factors are equally important in choosing a hydraulic power unit.
The last thing that may make a difference to your choice of hydraulic pump is the hose inlet and outlet sizes, which should, by design, be the correct size to handle the power output of the pump. In space-limited environments there may be a reason why wide hoses are not suitable, and if this is the case then that issue needs to be addressed before proceeding further with the purchase of a hydraulic pump.
Hydraproducts can also create a bespoke hydraulics system, so if there is nothing on the market that quite meets your requirements, don't settle for a solution that is nearly good enough and risk repairs and a lack of capacity. Instead, take the time to get a hydraulic system that is exactly fit for purpose and leave any worries that the off-the-shelf system may not perform as needed behind you. It is also good to bear in mind that our standard hydraulic power units are a power unit and pump combined, but that the micro and mini packs still require a separate motor, which we can advise on.
There are a wide range of choices over an even wider range of budgets, but the right hydraulic oil will prolong your machine life and reduce your overall running costs.
Three initial questions must be answered:-
1) In what type of equipment will the hydraulic fluid be used?
2) How severe will the duty be?
3) What operating temperature and pressures will be experienced?
4) Environment food safe etc
Answers to these questions will lead to the primary choices of viscosity grade (VG) and hydraulic fluid types.
In what type of equipment will the hydraulic oils be used?
Selection of a hydraulic fluid with a viscosity that bests suits the system pump is a good place to start. Manufacturers will normally specify a range of oil viscosity. These will vary dependent upon the pump type. Vane pumps typically require 14-160 cSt, Piston pumps are more durable than a vane pump and require 10-160cSt. Gear pumps are the most tolerant to contamination and a conservative range would be 10-300cSt. Industrial machinery is typically designed to operate within a cleaner more stable environment, where outdoor and mobile applications will more likely have severe temperature variations, higher humidity and more demanding duty cycles.
How severe will the duty be?
Duty would normally be described by running time, environmental factors, likelihood of contamination ingress, maintenance arrangements etc.
Examples of Low/Medium/Heavy Duty would be:-
> 24 hours
Heavier duty demands will normally lead to the use of a mineral oil with a good additive package (such as a HVLP) to improve performance or the selection of a fully synthetic oil.
For hydraulic systems with high running times a fluid with a high viscosity index (VI>130) will avoid damage and breakdowns as it extends lifetime of hydraulic pumps and components.
What operating temperature and pressures will be experienced?
Where temperature extremes are large (below -5oC and above +60oC) and pressures above 250 bar the use of a fluid with a good mix of additives will be important. Mineral based oils (HM/HLP) will be sufficient in the most common applications as these often have anti-wear additives, oxidisation inhibitors and viscosity improvers. Fully synthetic oils will however out-perform mineral hydraulic oil ensuring that the viscosity and lubricity remains stable over a longer period.
Viscosity Grade (VG)
A hydraulic fluid has a low viscosity when it is thin and a high viscosity grade when it is thick. The viscosity reduces as the temperature rises and visa-versa. The hydraulic fluid must be thin enough to flow through the filter, inlet and return pipes without too much resistance. On the other hand, the hydraulic fluid must not be too thin, in order to avoid wear due to lack of lubrication and to keep internal leakage within limits. Viscosity grade is expressed at 40oC eg ISO46 which is an oil with a viscosity of 46 cSt measured at 40oC.
According to DINISO 2909 oil viscosity changes versus temperature, Viscosity Index (VI), is normally between 90-110. VI above 130 are largely insensitive to temperature change.
A viscosity range of 12-80sCt is recommended for a large range of commercially used hydraulic equipment.
Hydraulic oil specifications
Hydraulic power packs can be used with a wide range of hydraulic oil grades, commonly:-
· Hydraulic Oil (ISO11158-HM) – Mineral based – hydraulic oil grades widely used in light duty applications where temperature and pressures are moderate.
· Hydraulic Oil (DIN51524-2-HLP) – Mineral based with additives for oxidation, corrosion and wear protection. Used for general applications where temperature and viscosity conditions are observed.
· Hydraulic Oil (51524-3-HVLP) – Premium grade mineral based as per HLP but with improved viscosity temperature behaviour (VI>140).
· Biodegradable hydraulic oil – HETG, HEPG, HEES and HEPR – A developing technology and is yet to replace mineral oils in all applications. Storage and service life is limited, particularly at elevated temperatures.
· Fire Resistant Fluids (ISO12922 – HFA, HFB, HFC and HFD) – HFA,HFB and HFC contain water solutions and must only be used with specifically designed products. Not suitable for systems containing aluminium and some paint products. Seal compatibility must be checked.
For Hydraproducts powerpacks we recommend the following:-
HPU and HPR Micro powerpacks
HPM Mini packs
HPS Standard Hydraulic power units
Some sources of these oils would be:-
HM32 – Shell Hydrau HM32 – Castrol Hyspin VG32
HLP32 – Shell Tellus 32 – Castol Hyspin AWS32
HVLP32 – Shell Tellus S3V 32 – Castrol Hyspin HVI 32
Where environmentally sensitive fluids are required the use of Castrol Carelube HES32 can be employed in all our products, for light and medium duty ONLY.
Where a small level of fire resistance desirable then the use of a Castrol Anvol SWX FM HFDU fluid may be implemented in all of our products, for light and medium duty ONLY.
Hydraulic power units are used for a broad range of applications from operating control valves in the outback of Australia to raising parking barriers in Siberia. To match this range of applications there are an equally large range of hydraulic systems and products.
Whether you are designing, specifying, manufacturing or purchasing a hydraulic power pack there are several pointers that will narrow down this range.
Firstly an assessment of the power that will be required. This does often require the use of appropriate hydraulic and mechanical design tools. Some useful tools can be found here http://www.hydraproducts.co.uk/hydraulic-calculators.aspx. When the power (kW) level is known this leads to second stage of deciding upon what power source might be available.
Power sources are typically electrical, combustion engines or mechanical drive. Electrical sources will divide into AC and DC, this will depend greatly on the application and location. Where electrical sources are not possible, such as trailers, petrol, diesel or gas combustion engines can form the centre of a hydraulic power pack. Common for vehicle based hydraulic systems a DC, or battery will give the motive power source.
Each of the power sources will have their practical and economic limits.
Typically DC Power available on the majority of vehicles is a maximum of 3kW. A small commercial vehicle or van would be 12VDC and a maximum battery power of 2kW. Whereas a larger heavy goods vehicle could have a 4kW 24VDC system. Forklifts and other goods handling equipment will often be 48 or 72VDC.
AC electrical power can generally be spilt into two camps, 1 phase and 3 phase. For domestic/office applications 220-240V 1phase will be available up to a limit of 2.2kW. Site work will often be operated at 110V 1 phase and this will be limited to 1.5kW. 3 phase power covers a much larger range from 0.09kW to over 100kW, and this will be common in all industrial applications.
Combustion engines cover a wide range, with small single cylinder petrol engines starting at 4HP and diesel engines starting slightly higher than this at 6HP up to over 100HP.
This chart summarises the maximum power source ranges:-
AC 1 PHASE
AC 3 PHASE
This chart is based on products that can be built economically, and not what is physically possible.
The next question to ask yourself might be what is the operating duty of the powerpack will have to work within. This is important when selecting which type of powerpack as for example it may not be possible to specific features such as tank size or motor type that will ensure they can run continuously. If we simply divide these into S1 (running 100% of a day) and S2 (running for a short operating time).
This chart will allow some division of our product range based on operating duty:-
Every hydraulic motor requires a power source to operate it. This is where hydraulic power units come into play. Here at Hydraproducts, we manufacture a range of hydraulic power units, but we call them hydraulic power packs.
Most of our clients who purchase hydraulic power units will use them on one of these types of applications:
Our units are compact and we can also make them bespoke for your situation if need be. Our units are manufactured with pumps, filters, relief valves, reservoirs, sight gauges and more so that you can rely on your unit to deliver continual power to your equipment. They are used for a number of different purposes including pressurizing lube systems, providing pilot flow to servo valves and of course, powering hydraulic motors and cylinders.
Hydraulic units are offered with options. Your application may require either a single or a bi-directional rotation.
There are benefits of using a hydraulic power unit, whether it’s a micro sized one or a standard one. It will usually be quieter than some solutions in addition to making it possible to eliminate a potential leak point. In these modern times, there are improved diagnostics and our products are created to protect against system shock.
Hydraulic Power Units For Every Application
A hydraulic power unit will often be at the core of a broad variety of system. They may be used on:
· Scissor lifts
· Tipping trucks
· Plant trailers
· Access control and security equipment
Our hydraulic power packs are available in the following sizes:
· Micro power packs
· Mini power packs
· Standard power pack
Our micro hydraulic power units are perfect for applications that require hydraulic power, but that are limited when it comes to available space.
If you need any assistance making your choice, give us a call and we’ll guide you in the right direction.
Hydraulics has been around for a very long time. But are you aware of how far it has actually come? You wouldn’t be alone if you responded with no. It is a very technical subject that can be quite difficult to understand, but in this article we want to tell you the story of hydraulics! We want to share with you who discovered hydraulics, what it was originally used for and how hydraulic power got to where it is today.
So why don’t we start at the beginning! Where does the word hydraulic come from?
The word hydraulic originates from the Greek word ‘Hydros’ which means water. Why water? Well, this is because water was the first liquid to be used in the hydraulic system. Today, hydraulics includes the physical behaviour of all liquids, not just water.
HPUs deliver mechanical force that is produced though the use of fluids. Hydraulic power units are used in industries where it’s necessary to move heavy or large items very smoothly. For example, theme parks, farming, construction, fishing and more.
If you’ve seen a garbage truck in action, you’ve seen an HPU operating. This is also the case for cranes, forklifts, loaders and backhoes. There’s even a hydraulic power unit inside the ‘jaws of life’ that rescuers use to free people from cars involved in serious road accidents.
Surprisingly, most people have hydraulic power units in their homes. If they own a car, they will have brakes, which run from hydraulic power. Whenever the brake pedal is pushed, hydraulic fluid (in this case, known as brake fluid) will push a piston, which will move the brake pad against the rotor in the wheel, and will slow the car. This is why it’s important to keep brake fluid levels adequate and to ensure that there is no air trapped in brake lines.
The power behind hydraulics comes from the law of physics that liquid cannot be compressed. Although it may take the shape of any container that it’s in, it is not possible to compress it. This means that it hydraulic fluid can be pushed through a number of tubes without needing gears and levers to help it.
Most hydraulic fluid is made up of water, petroleum oil and antifreeze. It all depends on what the job is that needs to be done. Using a hydraulic filter can help to keep the liquid contaminant free of particles. The fluid is stored in a reservoir when it’s not in use, this enables it to be accessible as soon as the machine needs it.
HPU are some of the most versatile mechanical aids in use. If you’d like to discuss more about what your business needs, contact us today at our main website plus more info can be found on Hydraulic Power Units here.
In this article we want to explain the ins and outs of hydraulic powerpacks. A vital piece of equipment that is used with so many machines we see every day.
In a nutshell, hydraulic powerpacks are self contained units that are used instead of a built in power supply for hydraulic machinery. Hydraulic power uses fluid to transmit power from one location to another in order to run a machine. It really is as simple as that.
So what do they look like?
In order to recognise and better understand hydraulic powerpacks, it is a good idea to get to know the key components. Hydraulic powerpacks come in many different shapes and sizes, some are very large and stationary whereas others are much smaller and more compact. In fact, some hydraulic powerpacks are so compact that they can easily be transported in a small van or even an estate car.
The only real way to identify hydraulic powerpacks is through its main components. No matter the size of the unit, all power packs will have the following; a hydraulic reservoir, regulators, a pump, motor, pressure supply lines and relief lines.
What do these components do?
It may be obvious to some but in this post we wanted to explain every component as simply as possible. So here goes.
First up is the hydraulic reservoir which quite simply holds the fluid. Reservoirs will come in different sizes.
Then we have the regulators. Regulators are vital as they control and maintain the amount of pressure that the hydraulic powerpack delivers.
Thirdly we have the pressure supply lines and relief lines. The supply line simply supplies fluid under pressure to the pump and the relief lines relieve pressure between the pump and the valves. The relief lines also control the direction of flow through the system.
Finally we have the pump and a motor. We will begin with the simpler component of the two, the motor. The motor is simply there to power the pump. Easy as that. Now the pump generally performs two actions. Firstly, it operates as a vacuum at the pump inlet and through atmospheric pressure forces fluid from the reservoir into the inlet line and then to the pump. It then delivers the fluid to the pump outlet and pumps it into the hydraulic system. We did warn you that the second part would be slightly more confusing.
So what is the function of hydraulic powerpacks?
Hydraulic powerpacks deliver power through a control valve which in turn runs the machine it is connected to. Hydraulic powerpacks come with a variety of valve connections. This means that you can power a variety of machines by using the appropriate valves.
Hydraulic powerpacks are relied upon by a range of different machines that use hydraulic power to do its work. If a machine is required to carry out heavy or systematic lifting then its likely it would need help from a hydraulic powerpack.
To make it easier for you to understand, we have included a list of trades that regularly rely on our powerpacks. On a building site you will see machines like bulldozers and excavators, which both need hydraulic powerpacks. But, it is not just on building sites that you will find these types of machines. Fishermen and mechanics both need hydraulic powerpacks too. If we did not have them then how would fishermen lift their nets or how would mechanics lift our cars?
When picking a hydraulic powerpack there are a variety of pumps and options to pick from and it is important to pick the right pack to meet your machines needs. It is also important to consider a pack that will help maximise productivity and minimise cost.
Many people will overlook the necessity of hydraulic powerpacks, but they really are vital to ensuring our society runs efficiently.
Do you need to maintain hydraulic powerpacks?
Yes you do and this is hugely important! Hydraulic powerpacks require regular maintenance to ensure they are working properly and safely and to help extend their life. Maintaining hydraulic powerpacks is relatively simple and includes checking the tubing, this can be for any noticeable problems such as dents or cracks. It is also vital to regularly change the hydraulic fluid and look at the reservoir to check for any corrosion or rust.
What hydraulic powerpacks do we provide?
Generally we provide four different types of hydraulic powerpacks. You can pick from a standard powerpack, a mini powerpack, a micro powerpack or a bespoke powerpack.
The standard hydraulic powerpack uses a standard range of modular components and is ideal for the most demanding industrial applications. The mini powerpack is ideal for applications requiring up to 5.5kW. The micro hydraulic powerpacks were originally produced for mobility applications, so are great for when space is limited. Finally, if none of these seem to fit your needs then we offer bespoke hydraulic powerpacks ensuring your application gets the hydraulic powerpack it requires.
Finally, who is the genius behind hydraulic powerpacks?
The man behind hydraulics was Laissez Pascal. A French mathematician, physicist and religious philosopher who lived in the mid seventeenth century. Pascal made observations about fluid and pressure which led to Pascal’s law. Pascal's law states that when there is an increase in pressure at any point in a confined fluid, there is an equal increase at every other point in the container. Hydraulic powerpacks have been designed based on Pascal's law of physics, drawing their power from ratios of area and pressure.
So, interested in our Power Packs? Come on over to the main website and see what we can do for your Hydraulic Power Pack Needs .
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